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Päntäléwon
fl. late 5th and early 6th century
Orthodox
Ethiopia


Päntäléwon, or Päntäléyon Zä-Soma'Et, Abba (perhaps fl. late 5th and early 6th century A. D.), was, with Abba Za-Mika'l 'Arqawi, one of the Nine Saints who fled to Ethiopia to escape persecution after the Councils of Ephesus (431) and Chalcedon (451) had proclaimed Monophysitism a heresy. They probably found Ethiopia in a state of lapse, but their activities did much to strengthen the faith in its present Monophysite form, and also to spread it in the pagan regions south of the Mrb river. According to his late fifteenth-century gdl, or Acts, which is written from the viewpoint of Dbr Damo, and contains much derived from the story of the Martyrs of Najrn, Pntlwon was born of a noble Roman (Byzantine) family and entered a monastery as a child. He came to Ethiopia in the reign of Emperor 'Al'amda (Emperor 'Ell-'Amda II), son of Emperor Sal'adoba. After spending some time together, he and his fellow saints parted company, and Pntlwon is said to have climbed a small hill named Bt Qatin, near Aksum, where he built a cell in which he remained for over forty-five years, standing upright in prayer, working miracles and curing the sick. From this he acquired his surname "of the cell." The Synaxarium names him as the hermit visited by Emperor Kalb before he set out for the Yemen c. 525 and with whom he became a monk when he abdicated.

A. K. Irvine and Seifu Metaferia


Bibliography:

A. Dillmann, "Zur Geschichte des Axumitishcen Reichs im vierten bis sechsten Jahrhundert," Adhandlugen der Kniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (1880).
E. Littmann, The Legend of the Queen of Sheba (Leyden, 1904).
M. Chaine, "Repertoire de Salam er Malke'e," La Revue de l'Orient Chrtien (Paris, 1913).
E. A. Wallis Budge, A History of Ethiopia (London, 1928), Vol. I, 152, 259, 262.
--------, The Book of the Saints of the Ethiopian Church (Cambridge, 1928), Vol. I, 293; Vol. IV, 1009-10.
J.-B. Coulbeaux, Histoire politique et religieuse de l'Abyssinie (Paris, 1929), Vol. I.
M.-A. Van Den Oudentijn, La vie de Saint Za Mika'l 'Aragawi (Fribourg, 2939).
C. Conti Rossini, "L'omilia di Yohannes vescovo di Aksum in onore di Garima," Actes du Congrs International des Orientalistes, Section Smitique (Paris, 1898).
-------- (ed.), Acta Yared et Pantalewon, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, Scriptores aethiopici, series altera (Paris, 1904), t. XVII.
--------, Storia d'Etiopia (Bergamo, 1928).


This article is reproduced, with permission, from The Dictionary of Ethiopian Biography, Vol. 1 'From Early Times to the End of the Zagw Dynasty c. 1270 A.D.,' copyright © 1975, edited by Belaynesh Michael, S. Chojnacki and Richard Pankhurst, Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. All rights reserved.